Among the mighty tasks that analytic epistemologists have taken upon themselves is to give an answer to the philosophical sceptic. Simplifying a little, one could summarise scepticism as the denial of knowledge. In other words, the sceptic claims that we don’t know anything or, alternatively, some specific thing – like whether the past exists or whether there are objectively true moral values.
Although there have been ancient and modern thinkers who have called themselves sceptics, in reality the philosophical sceptic is all but a mythical creature that can at best be found on the pages of epistemological articles and books. In practice, the sceptic is more like a fictive sparring partner that the epistemologists have conjured up in order for there to be an adversary to fight against, a challenger to whom one can demonstrate that we truly possess knowledge.
One of the main weapons that the (imaginary)…
View original post 1.173 kelime daha